Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Casinos in Asia: legalizing gambling in the Chinese province of Hainan, the ideological obstacle

Sebastien Goulard

Abstract


The successful liberalization of the gaming industry in Macau has incited other Asian destinations to reconsider their position on gambling. For the last ten years, new gaming destinations have emerged in Asia. China has still not yet legalized this industry, but since last year, new policies authorizing sport lotteries have been introduced in the province of Hainan. The objective of this measure is to diversify tourism in that province and make Hainan more attractive for visitors. In case of success, this policy could be expanded to other gaming activities and casinos would be legalized in Hainan, as advocated by the provincial government; but legalizing casinos in Hainan may face several obstacles.

This paper aims at showing that the success of Asian casino destinations mainly results from China’s ban on gambling. This study will focus on the history of gambling in China, and the reasons for the continuation of gambling prohibition in China. The author will argue that the ideological opposition plays a similar role as religious movements in Western countries. The paper will be illustrated by a literature review analyzing previous examples in other parts of the world.

 


Keywords


China ; Hainan ; casinos ; gambling ; tourism ; political ideology

Full Text:

PDF

References


Calfano, B.R., E. A. Oldmixon, & P. VonDoepp (2005). “Religious Advocay in the Texas Legislature”. In E. L. Cleary & Allen Hertzke (Eds), Representing God at the Statehouse: Religion and Politics in the American States. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefiled.

Davis, S. L. (2005). Song and Silence: Ethnic Revival on China’s Southwest Borders. New York: Columbia University Press.

De Pina-Cabal, J. (2002). Between China and Europe: Person, Culture and Emotion in Macau. Oxford: Berg Publishers.

Eadington, W. R. (1999). The Economics of Casino Gambling. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 13(3), pp.173-192.

Gainsbury, S. (2012). Internet Gambling: Current Research Findings and Implications. New York & Dordrecht: Springer.

Hall, M. C., & Williams, A. M. (2008). Tourism and Innovation. Oxon: Routledge.

Hao, Z. (2011). Macau: history and Society. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Ho, V. K. Y. (2005). “Gambling in Canton: Myth and Reality of a Calamity”. In Understanding Canton: Rethinking Popular Culture in the Republican Period. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Huc, R. E. (1857). L’empire Chinois, vol.2. Paris: Gaume Frères.

Lee, C.K., & Back K.J. (2006). “History, Development and Legalization of Korean Casino Gaming”. In Hsu, C. H. (ed.). Casino Industry in Asia Pacific (pp.21-36). New York: The Haworth Press.

Marschall, J. (2008). Jews in Nevada: a history. Reno: University of Nevada Press.

McCartney, G. (2006). “Gambling in Macao, Through Legalization to Liberalization”. In Hsu, C. H. (ed.). Casino Industry in Asia Pacific (pp.37-58). New York: Haworth Press.

Metzger, L. (1999). Les lauriers de Shanghai: des concessions internationales à la métropole moderne. Genève: Editions Olizane.

Nelson, M., & Mason J. L. (2003). The Politics of Gambling in the South. Political Science Quarterly, 118(4), Winter 2003/2004, pp. 645-669.

Ownby, D. (1981, December). Chinese Millenarian Traditions: The Formative Age. The American Historical Review, 104(5), pp.1513-1530.

Papineau, E. (2000). Le jeu dans la Chine contemporaine : Mah-jong, jeu de Go et autres loisirs. Paris: L’Harmattan.

Perront, P. (2002). Shanghai: opium, jeu, prostitution. Arles: Philippe Piquier.

Rosenthal, F. (1975). Gambling in Islam. Leiden: BRILL.

Sauer, R. D. (2001). The Political Economy of Gambling Regulations. Managerial and Decision Economics, 22(3), pp.5-15.

Walker, J. L. (1969, September). The diffusion of innovations among the American states. American Political Science Review, 63, pp.880-899.

Wang Liu, H. C. (1959). An analysis of Chinese clan rules: Confucian theories in action, In A. F. Wright (Ed.). Confucianism and Chinese Civilization (pp.16-49). Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Zheng, Y. (2007). De Facto Federalism in China: Reforms and Dynamics of Central-Local Relations. Singapore: World Scientific.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5750/jgbe.v10i1.826

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.