ADVANCES IN THE MANAGEMENT OF GASTROENTERITIS

Peter Lillitos, Colin Michie, John Apps, Donald Bentley

Abstract


Since the 1960s oral rehydration of children suffering acute diarrhoea with specifically manufactured solutions containing salt and sugar has become more frequent globally and prevented millions of deaths from acute dehydration. This strategy was hailed as one of the major medical advances of the last century as it was estimated to prevent 90% of deaths secondary to diarrhoea in those under five years of age.  Oral rehydration solutions (ORS) continue to evolve, alongside understanding of the mechanisms of enterocyte damage and recovery.  Futher, the application of ORS is now linked by all health professionals to preventative measures directed at limiting the spread of diarrhoeal diseases.

 

Key words: Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS), child, gastroenteritis, prevention


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